glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. investigators are still waiting to access the crash site of a malaysia airlines passenger plane in eastern ukraine. another attempt was postponed on monday due to security concerns. 49 experts from the netherlands, australia and other countries are on standby in ukraine. they were hoping to gain acc to the crash site on renewed fighting between ukraine's military and pro-russian separatists caused the postponement of the
operation for the second consecutive day. all 298 people on board flight mh-17 were killed in the crash. authorities believe many bodies have yet to be retrieved from the site. russian authorities are calling on the united nations to lead the international investigation. >> translator: we are concerned that some of our partners are trying to organize an investigation by holding bilateral talks only with the side of the ukrainian government. the investigation should be conducted as soon as possible under the authority of the united nations. >> australian foreign minister julie bishop was in ukraine on monday to hold talks with president petro poroshenko. she said work was under way to identify a safe access route from the city of donetsk to the crash site. several countries are considering additional sanctions
against russia for its involvement in the the malaysian plane. the japanese governm it'll restrict imports of products from crimea, a part of ukraine that was annexed by russia earlier this year. other sanctions include freezing assets held by russian individuals and groups d involved in the anne crimea and the destabi of eastern ukraine. >> translator: it's necessary to implement dialogue toward a prompt cease-fire and peace. it's also important to maintain stricter border controls and to prevent fighters and weapons from crossing it. >> government officials say they'll continue urging russia to facil international investigators by using its influence over pro-russian separatists. israeli air raids and shelling against the gaza strip have ceased. ground troops appear to be concentrating their operatio on finding underground tunnels built by militants to cross from gaza into israel. muslims began celebrating on
monday the eid holiday, which marks the end of the holy month of ramadan. israeli forces earlier complied with demands by the united nations for a 12-hour truce. military commanders had announced they would resume air raids ea operations were re onwards. rocket launches by hamas militants also appear to have ceased almost comple. local media report israeli ground troop three kilometers w border with gaza. they're reportedly looking for underground tunnels and rock launch sites. israeli commanders say the troops have already destroyed about 50% of known tunnels and launch sites. israeli media and politi say the military o the u.n. security council has called for an immediate and unconditional cease-fi gaza conflict to allow delivery of humanitari assistance. council members met in new york
just after midnight on monday morning to draft a presidential statement. the document expresses grave concern over the deteriorating situation in the gaza strip. the statement expresses support for the effort of u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon to arrange a cease-fire. palestinian u.n. envoy mansour welcomed the statement. >> we will con the door of the security council so that the security council shoulders its possibility. >> israel's u.n. ambassador, ron prosor, was critical of the statement. >> we heard the pr statement right now from the security council that miraculously managed not to mention hamas or rockets. >> the statement is nonbinding. the united states remains reluctant to approve a binding resoluti compiled by arab nations. the conflict has already killed
more than 1,000 palestinians and over 40 israelis. nhk world's sho beppu reports on what's behind the cycle of violence. >> reporter: people in gaza had a short window of breath as th israeli military ceased to fire on saturday through sunday morning. but as the fighting resumed, the atmosphere in gaza is again tense, fearful, and bleak. israeli forces say the prime target in operation protective edge is to attack hamas militants and destroy the military infrastructure. but so far they've killed more civilians in their offensive. >> translator: why do they target innocent people? >> reporter: israeli troops have shelled densely populated areas. a school run by the united nations was hit during the fighting.
israeli leaders say hamas hides rockets inside buildings. before these attacks, a chilling message was sent to people living in gaza on their mobile phones saying, "you will experience fear, nothing like before." >> translator: this was horrifying. a lot of people got killed. i thought i would be next. >> reporter: the islamic group, hamas, are seen as terrorists by israel and the united states. their armed wing is called qassam brigades, but they have a much bigger political wing that runs schools, hospit other social service support people on a level in gaza. >> translator: i support hamas. they're sincere and they're devout. >> reporter: in june, the palestinian president mahmou abbas announced to f government with hamas. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu says he will n
down for talks with them. >> translator: hamas is a terrorist organization that's committed to the destruction of israel. recognize the new government. >> reporter: the israelis have erected electric fences gaza and tightly reg flow of supplies to million people living the strip is infamously called the wo hamas militants have dug tunnels under the fences to smuggle weapons. this is an israeli village near the border with gaza. rockets are repeatedly fired from gaza and land here. people living here are feeling that the threat of hamas' underground tunnel is approaching their lives more and more. >> translator: i am very, very afraid. it's so dangerous.
just imagine, terrorists come out from those tunnels. >> reporter: as the fighting has resumed again, i hear sounds of explosion and see smoke rise in the direction of gaza, which is just right there. the death toll is likely to increase more. sho beppu, nhk world, near the gaza strip in southern israel. survivors in a ferry disaster in south korea have described what happened before the ship just went six high school students w testifying at the trial of the ship's captain and 14 crew members. the defendants are facing charges, including homicide and negligence. the ferry, "sewol," went down in april off south korea's southern coast. more than 300 people were killed or remain missing. the witnesses spoke at a court in ansan near seoul. they said they heard an announcement tel would be safer to stay cabins.
they say they followed the advice and waited to be rescued. one of the students said the ferry began tilting poured into the cabi she said she used a life vest to reach an exit. some of the students are on the judges to severe punishments. others say they just their lives. calls for an end to sexual assaults are reverberating throughout india. on monday, a school reopened after being closed following the alleged sexual assault of a 6-year-old girl. many parents decided to accompany their children there. rosalyn debhavalya in bangkok has the details. >> parents are demanding that school officials take specific measures to ensure the safety of its students.
unicef says one-third of rape victims in india are children. the instance occurred earlier this month at a school in the southern city of bangalore, of the nation's police arrested the school's skating coach. the girl is receiving treatment in hospital. >> we just came to see if everything is in place, because our daughter is our most prized possession. >> the incident sparked a string of protest rallies in the city. participants want strict punishment for the attacker an protection for childre rights. in december 2012, a woman was gang raped and killed in the capital, new delhi. the tragedy has prompted surging calls for measures to tackle rampant sexual crimes in india. indian media used to treat sexual abuse cases as taboo, but these cases are now getting wide covera. muslims across the world are
celebrating the start of eid al fitr to mark the end of ramadan, the month of fasting. but in malaysia, which has suffered two aircraft related tragedies this year, people marking the occa expressions of grief. muslims gather at the national mosque for the victims of malaysia airlines flight mh-17 and flight mh-370, which went missing in march. >> translator: to the family members of the victims onboard mh-370 and mh-17, i hope you can be patient. take it as a test from all. we hope that the victims are in a good place with allah. >> outgoing president hamid karzai attended prayers at the mosque in kabul. people in afghanistan cast t ballots in the pre runoff election inun but the next presi country has yet to be decided. allegations of fraud led to an audit, but this is proceeding slowly. >> translator: the people of afghanistan want an election result as soon as possible so
that this country can soon have a president and the afghan people can have a government. >> parts of the country's southernmost provinces have a muslim majority. separatists in the regio been fighting against government security forces for a decade. on sunday, a roadside bomb exploded, killing a 10-yea girl. seven people, including two other girls, were this attack took place just before the end of ramadan, a time when such acts of viole have often occurred the population of the philippines is believed to have topped 100 million. it's the 12th nation in the world to have surpassed this demographic milestone. the only other southeast asian country with a larger population is indonesia. the philippine government says past population increases suggest that more than 4,600 babies are born in the nation
every day. the united nations estimates that the philippine population will continue to swell and will exceed 127 million by 2030. the philippines' latest census shows that about 30% of its population is 14 or younger. the average age is 23. experts say younger workers are one of the engines of the country's recent economic growth. businesses around the world also regard philippine workers as valuable because they speak english as a common language. that wraps up our bulletin. i'm rosalyn debhavalya in bangkok. emerging economic powers still struggling with poverty. emboldened citizens still demanding democracy. the threat of violence. the push for peace. the shadow of conflict. get news and insight on south and southeast asia, every weekday, live from bangkok, only
on nhk world "newsline." people in japan are in shock over a murder case involving a high school girl and one of her classmates. the suspect told investigato she just wanted to try killing someone. police arrested the 16-year-old student for allegedly murdering her 15-year-old friend on saturday in the city of sasebo. investigators say she beat aiwa matsuo with a metal instrument and strangled her to death. she then partially dismembered the body. matsuo's corpse and a knife with bloodsta suspect's apartment. investigators say she's admitted to killing and dismembering her classmate. the suspect had been living alone since entering high school in april. her mother died of illness last year, and her father later remarried. a psychiatrist says the suspect and the victim knew each other since their junior high school days, so the motive for the murder might be related to their long-standing relationship.
>> translator: the aggressor was unusually interested in murder, death, and even dissec mutilation of bodies. it's very possible this inclination led to the murder. >> police are focusing the investigation on the events that led to the murder and the suspect's mental state. the head of a u.s. food company has promised to thoroughly investigate its shanghai subsidiary. it wants to know why they so expired chicken. >> what happened at husi shanghai was completely unacceptable and i hope that you will accept my personal sincere apology. i'm very, very sorry. >> osi group chairman and chief executive officer, sheldon levin, said the issue runs counter to the values of his firm.
the subsidiary, shanghai husi food, allegedly supplied expired chicken to fast foodin restaurants. authorities suspect that food safety violations were company-wide pract they've detained sever for questioning. another osi executiv motives and other details are not yet known. >> we are committed to completing this investigation swiftly and comprehensively. >> the company's president they'll open an asia product quality center in shanghai t step up monitoring i chinese factories. executives as sony have been struggling for some time to regain their company's financial health. in the latest move, the electronics manufacturer has decided to sell the land underneath its headquarters in tokyo to one of its group firms. sony executives say they'll sell the 18,000-square-meter land to
sony life insurance for about $520 million. the executives are expected to post the net loss for a second straight year in fiscal 2014. they plan to spend about $1.3 billion for downsizing the company's operations. that includes eliminating about 5,000 jobs worldwide. sony has already sold its u.s. headquarters building in new york as well as the former tokyo headquarters building. nissan motors showed healthy gains both in its sales and profit in the three months through june. that was in part due to strong sales in the united states. executives at nissan company's second quarter operating prof than 13% to $1.2 billi. sales increased 10% to $24 billion. the pace of profit growt period. however, as the impact of the yen's decline receded.
the executives said u.s. sales recorded a 14% rise. and in the domestic market, they said the effects of the consumption tax hike in april were limited. people visiting japan have a common complaint. it's often difficult to get cash from automatic teller machines. government officials are making plans to improve the situation. only a quarter of the atms in japan accept cards issued abroad. travelers can face an especially hard time withdrawing yen outside major cities. government leaders have made tourism a key part of their plans to revive the economy. they're looking ahead to the tokyo olympics in 2020 and they're hoping to attract 20 million visitors a year. executives at major banks say they're working on installing more machines that accept foreign cards. government officials are now leaning on smaller banks to do the same, focusing on popular tourist destinations. people who have trouble seeing colors see the world in a
different light. some innovators in japan are using technology to try to make things easier. and managers in a range of businesses are looking at what they've come up with. >> reporter: not everyone sees color the same way. a japanese organization advises on the easiest-to-read combinations. koichi iga is the vice director of the npo, culinary design organization. he, himself, has color vision deficiency. >> translator: we often see pie charts that use different colors to convey information, but to me, this and this, this and this look the same. i see only three colors. >> reporter: the organization tests graphic designs to see if they are friendly to people with reduced color vision. color vision deficiency is thought to be mostly genetic. it occurs in various forms. two main types make it hard to
recognize red or green. researchers test color combinations. >> translator: with my type of color blindness, i see this and this as the same. >> reporter: printed materials that pass the test, such as packaging, can use the color universal design logo. >> translator: i believe companies should recognize their obligation to make their products easier to use by all consumers. >> reporter: the concept has made waves in the computer game industry. similar principles appear in this game development tool. it's a simulator to display colors on the screen as people with reduced color vision would see them. >> translator: this is ordinary people see this. but if you use the simulator software, you can see how it will look to those with less color vision.
>> reporter: the developers can confirm how a game looks to a range of viewers and then revise it. >> translator: we also tell other gamemakers they should use development tools with these functions. we tell them if they had our software, they could produce better games. >> reporter: color vision awareness has also reached publishing. guidelines suggest ways publishers can use color better. this company makes all kinds of printed materials. it produces more than 70 projects a year based on color universal design. but as the company has discovered, the work takes time and effort. so, the staff spent two years finding the clearest color combinations for all kinds of viewers.
this is the result, a chart of 20 color matches. a designer need only select colors from a single row. the chart has cut production time by as much as half. >> translator: we tell our client companies it will make a lot of difference if they use color universal design. we say they will get an edge on their competitors. >> reporter: from making better packaging to enhancing graphic design, helping people see color more clearly is proving to be good business. every morning, investors turn their attention to asia.
the tokyo market leads the way. markets around the world, follow. >> from the decisions that could change the course of an economy. >> to the companies at the forefront of change. >> up-to-the-minute market reports. >> analysis by specialists from around the world. >> get all the latest business news and insight every day, here on "newsline." japan's space agency has entered a new era, with a satellite to monitor extreme weather patterns and a japanese astronaut taking the helm of the international space station. now the public can explore outer space with the agency at an expo near tokyo. nhk world's kimberly gale has the details. >> reporter: 50 years of space history in one room. from space suits to replica launch vehicles and command modules, the stories of some of the most important mission on display. space enthusiasts are taking it all in.
>> translator: the more we watch, the more we understand about space. >> translator: it's interesting to see the space shuttle and various rockets. >> reporter: one of the main attractions is a replica of the japanese experiment module, kibo. astronauts at the international space station have used the since 2008 to carry out experiments in medicine and biology. in march, koichi kawata took over as commander of the international space station. he became the first japanese astronaut to lead the orbiting lab. a government panel is trying to decide what role japan sho play in the space 2020. this jaxa spokesperson says space exploration is more relevant than ever.
in february, they sent up a satellite that can track rain and snowfall around the globe. scientists hope it will help them better predict extreme weather, such as typhoons. >> we'd like to improve on people's daily lives. and how should i say -- and contribute to a prosperous society. brazil has a large rain forest, as well as big problems with illegal logging. illegal logging. and using earth observation data, we can monitor and prevent these criminal activities. >> reporter: hayabusa is another success story. jaxa sent the probe to explore asteroids. in 2010, it became the first spacecraft to bring back particles from an extraterrestrial body other than the moon. hayabusa's engine was especially innovative. the low-power ion propulsion system enabled it to return to earth after a seven-year journey. this winter, they will launch hayabusa 2.
agency officials will use it to investigate the evolution of the solar system. organizers want to show off past accomplishments, but they're also looking to the future. one idea for making space travel more a accessible is building a space elevator. japanese scientists are trying to develop that idea with carbon nano tubes, cables designed to transport a vehicle without a rocket. organizers hope exhibits like this will inspire the next generation of space explorers. kimberly gale, nhk world, chiba. and next, here's a three-day outlook on the world's weather.
♪ made in japan. there's a big story inside those three little words. my name is matthew barron. here on "great gear" we take a look at the things made in japan, from traditional crafts to advanced technology. meet designers and engineers, artisans and entrepreneurs. we go to factories and trade shows and take you behind the scenes to learn the real story of japan's great gear. there's a lot to see so let's get started.